The Persian Cat is one of the most popular feline breed
The Persian, also known as the Persian Longhair, Shiraz or Shirazi, is an elegant, graceful, gentle breed whose most distinguishing characteristics are its remarkable coat and its unique head. The Persian is a large to medium-sized cat, with a well-balanced body and a sweet expression on its face. It has a huge and round head, small ears and a comparatively short tail. This cat is characterized by its round face and short muzzle. The Persian’s head is broad in skull, round and unusually large for the size of its body, while its ears are especially tiny in comparison and are tufted. The Persian’s eyes are big, round and very expressive. Their coat is extraordinarily long, silky, dense, fine and profuse. While solid silver is the most popular color for the Persian currently, there are more than 80 colors available today, including black, blue, cream, and smoke. Persians, with their luxurious coats and open pansy-like faces are the number one breed in popularity. Today, the Persian is one of the most popular of all feline breeds due to its exceptional beauty, kind temperament and easy-going disposition.
The Persian is an old breed and it is not clear when longhaired cats first appeared. Maybe the longhaired beauty originated in the cradle of civilization: Mesopotamia, which was later known as Persia and is now modern-day Iran. The breed’s long hair was probably the result of a natural mutation, and the first documented ancestors of the Persian were imported from Khorasan, Persia, into Italy in 1620 by Pietro della Valle, an Italian traveler, and from Angora (now Ankara), Turkey, into France by Nicholas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc at around the same time. Until the late 19th century, when breeding and showing cats became popular, longhaired cats from Persia, Turkey, Afghanistan and other exotic locales were known simply as “Asiatic” cats and were often bred together. The first Persian cat was presented at the first organized cat show, in 1871 in the Crystal Palace in London, England, organized by Harrison Weir. At this gala many representatives of the breed were present, easily placing it among the favorites. They were popular pets of the time and had a special cachet because of Queen Victoria’s fondness for the breed. Blue Persians were especially sought after, as Queen Victoria owned two of them. Through selective breeding, cat fanciers began to mold the Persian to its present-day appearance. They bred cats to have a round head, short face, snub nose, chubby cheeks, small, rounded ears, big eyes, and a sturdy body. Their fur was longer than that of the Angora cat, and they had shorter legs. Soon, the Persians surpassed the Angoras in popularity. The Persian cat was not imported into North America until the 1800s, where they were quickly accepted. In the United States, where they were first imported in the late 19th century, they also became favorites. The breed was officially recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association in 1914, and quickly became the most popular cat breed in America. The Persian has become the most beloved cat breed in the world, prized for its beautiful appearance, luxurious-looking cat and sweet personality.
Persians are usually a quiet and gentle cat. They are calm and undemanding and can be very affectionate. This cat can remain inactive for long periods, and have been called "furniture with fur" because of this characteristic. When they do vocalize, they have a melodious, pleasant, non-abrasive meow. Persians are extremely intelligent and love to play, but lack the same amount of curiosity that other cats possess. Also they form very close bonds with their owners. Persians rated higher than non-pedigree cats on closeness and affection to owners, friendliness towards strangers, cleanliness, predictability, vocalization, and fussiness over food. Persians crave and need human companionship. This is one cat who is unlikely to climb up your curtains, jump on your kitchen counters, or perch on top of your refrigerator. She is perfectly happy to rule her domain from the floor or more accessible pieces of furniture. They can thrive in almost any type of household environment, as long as they are given plenty of attention and sufficient personal space.
Well-bred Persians are fairly healthy animals, with an average life expectancy of 15 years or more. Although they are beautiful and sweet, Persians are prone to a number of potential health problems, most commonly related to their facial structure:
- Breathing difficulty or noisy breathing caused by constricted nostrils
- Dental malocclusions, meaning the teeth don’t mesh well together
- Excessive tearing
- Entropion, the inward folding of the eyelids, causes the eyelashes to rub against the cornea, and can lead to tearing, pain, infection and cornea damage.
- Heat sensitivity
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common heart disease in all cats
- Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) which causes kidney failure in affected adult cats has an incidence rate of 36–49% in the Persian breed
- Predisposition to ringworm, a fungal infection
- Progressive retinal atrophy is a degenerative eye disease with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance in the Persian
- Seborrhea oleosa, a skin condition that causes itchiness, redness and hair loss
The Persian is a cat that requires a considerable amount of maintenance. This cat needs daily grooming to keep its beautiful hair in place and free from mats. That long, beautiful coat doesn’t stay clean and tangle-free on its own. It must be gently but thoroughly combed and brushed every day, and regular bathing, at least once a month. The Persian cat's eyes also need attention. Persian cats have considerable problems with watering eyes which over time can cause dark discoloration caused by tear marks. Their eyes may require regular cleaning to prevent crust buildup and tear staining. Also it is better to feed your Persian cat twice a day at about the same time every day. Don’t forget that your cat needs high quality food. Persians aren’t the best choice for a houseful of boisterous children and dogs, but they have no objection to being the object of a gentle child’s attentions or to rubbing along with a friendly dog who doesn’t chase them or otherwise cause them anxiety. The Persian Cat prefer quiet environments.
The Persian Cat is a Luxurious-looking and Lovely Cat with a great personality.
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